What Protocol Uses Port 2427?
No doubt, having a strong networking foundation is a prerequisite for any successful IT career. Interestingly, it all starts with getting familiar with and learning the networking basics, such as ports and protocols.
In computer networking, ports are virtual or physical points within an OS, where network connections begin and end. They are identified by numbers that range from 0 to 65535 and are divided into three different ranges; the well-known ports (numbered from 0 through 1023), the registered ports (ranges from 1024 through 49151), and private ports (ranges from 49152 to 65535).
Port 2427 is categorized as a registered port – a network port primarily created for use with a specific protocol or application. In a TCP/IP network, data is transmitted through TCP port 2427 and UDP port 2427. These ports are utilized by the Media Gateway Control Protocol (MGCP) for different purposes.
In the rest of the post, I’ll further discuss everything you need to know about Port 2427, including the protocol that utilizes it.
Everything You Need to Know About Computer Port 2427?
Before going ahead to talk about port 2427, we need to first understand what computer ports are and what exactly they include.
So, what is a computer port and how important is it in networking?
A computer port can be defined as a virtual point within an operating system, where network connections start and end.
In a TCP/IP network, there are two key ways you can easily transmit data. The first approach is to use a transmission control protocol (TCP). The other method is to utilize a user datagram protocol (UDP). However, for devices to communicate using any of the two protocols, they have to go via the TCP port and UDP port respectively.
TCP & UDP Ports
Both TCP and UDP are the two main ways to transmit data in a TCP/IP network. However, these protocols are different from each other.
First, TCP is a connection-oriented protocol. What this means is that it requires the communicating devices to first create a connection before proceeding to transmit data. That’s not all; it also requires that the established connection get closed immediately after data has been transmitted.
On the other hand, UDP is a datagram-oriented protocol. That’s so because it doesn’t require any connection. For UDP, there isn’t any overhead for opening, managing, or terminating a connection.
Furthermore, it’s worth knowing that there are about 65,535 available TCP and UDP ports available out there. As earlier mentioned, these ports are divided into three different categories; well-known ports, the registered ports, and dynamic/private ports.
- The well-known ports are the ports that range from 0 to 1023. They are called “well-known” because they are often reserved for the popular TCP/IP applications.
- On the other hand, registered ports are those that fall in the range of 1024 to 49151. These ports are often utilized by vendors for server applications.
- Lastly, the dynamic/private ports fall within the range of 49152 to 65535. This particular set of ports are called “private” because they are utilized for temporary or private ports.
Types of Port 2427?
Port 2427 is a type of port that falls into the category of registered ports. As earlier stated, in a TCP/IP network, you can always transmit data using any of these two protocols; TCP and UDP. In the case of port 2427, there are two ways to enable devices to communicate using TCP and UDP protocols; they are the UDP 2427 port and the TCP 2427 port.
The bottom line is there are two types of port 2427. There is the UDP 2427 port and the TCP 2427 port.
What Protocol Uses Port 2427?
As you now know, there are two different ports 2427; UDP 2427 port and the TCP 2427 port.
The user datagram protocol (UDP) port 2427 is utilized by a standard network protocol, called Media Gateway Control Protocol (MGCP), for the transmission of messages (encoded command and response) between the media gateway endpoints and the media gateway controller.
That’s not all; the media gateway control protocol also uses the TCP port 2427 – but not for the same purpose as the UDP port. It uses the TCP port for the Calling Agent or media gateway controller.
Everything You Need to Know About MGCP and Port 2427
If you don’t know, the media gateway control protocol (MGCP) or H.248 is a standard protocol designed specifically for handling the signaling and communications protocols needed during a multimedia conference.
The standard protocol is capable of recognizing three key elements of communication.
- Media gateway controller or call agent – this is capable of hosting many endpoints.
- Media gateway endpoints – each of them is capable of interacting with several different connections.
- Connections between the entities – they offer support for different calling features.
Furthermore, you need to understand that the media gateway control protocol (MGCP) is a plain-text protocol, which utilizes a command and response model, to manage IP Telephony gateways.
MGCP uses the User Datagram Protocol (UDP) to transmit the command and response, which are often encoded in messages. Here’s where the UDP 2427 port comes into play.
The media gateway control protocol (MGCP) utilizes UDP 2427 to transmit MGCP messages between the media gateway endpoints and the media gateway controller.
Applications of MGCP
Now that you know that the media gateway control protocol or MGCP is the one that utilizes port 2427, here’s a quick question, what are the applications of the standard protocol?
MGCP can be utilized in several different areas of networking. One of them is that it’s applied in Wi-Fi phones for VoWLAN. Apart from that, the standard network protocol can be utilized in audio & video conferencing, as well as wireless GPRS systems.