What are types of Scareware?
Scareware is one way that online criminals try to steal your money or personal information from you by using social engineering techniques, such as threats and warnings of virus-infected computers.
Scareware began in the early 2000s when many viruses and worms were being sent via email. In order to get more people to install their malicious code, criminals started leveraging users’ fear of getting a virus on their computer by tricking them into thinking that they have a virus then selling software – also known as antivirus or antimalware – to clean it up.
What is Scareware and how does it work?
Scareware is a type of malware that’s designed to scare the user into purchasing a product. It can take on many forms, from messages that your computer has been hacked to pop-up messages from law enforcement authorities. It is typically distributed through email attachments, website pop-ups, or instant messenger chains. Scareware can also be referred to as Rogue Security Software because the perpetrators are attempting to gain your personal information by creating a sense of fear, uncertainty, and doubt around their product. The goal is for you to make the purchase without thinking too much about it.
The way it works is that Scareware does not need to steal any data in order to be successful since it already has what it needs. The scareware message will contain instructions that include how you can remove the infection or get rid of the fine by buying the product that they are offering. The scareware message can be hidden in a malware file that was installed onto your device or it can be displayed directly on the screen.
What are the types of Scareware?
There are many different types of Scareware. The first type is called the FBI virus which uses FBI logos and icons to create a sense of urgency. The malware then presents the user with a screen that may show the words “Your PC has been locked” or “You violated local laws using this software,” as well as for instructions for paying a fine to unlock their computer or removing their photos from their phone.
The second type is Ransomware. Ransomware typically makes the infected device unusable until you pay a ransom payment to the hacker who infected your device. There are many variations, but they usually display a message on your screen saying that you need to send money in order to ‘unlock’ the data.
The third type is called “Proof of Work” which uses a program that monitors the CPU usage and password attempts. This forces you to sign in with your password because this malware signature will monitor every keystroke you make until it registers a successful login attempt. If your login is not valid, it will lock out all of your accounts and limit access to your computer. As an example, it may show a screen that says “Sign in to unlock the computer” or “Login failed.”
The fourth type is called Cryptolocker which is also known as CryptoLocker. This malware encrypts all the files found on the victim’s device until they pay for a keycode. As an example, the victim may receive a pop-up saying “Your computer is locked!” and they will be presented with a countdown clock or waiting period and if the timer runs out and you still haven’t paid for your ransom payment then the price doubles.
The fifth type is called FBI Moneypak, Interpol Police, or ICE Cyber Crimes which are all Ransomware. This malware locks down your device until you pay for a certain keycode.
How to protect yourself from this type of malware?
The best way to protect yourself from this type of malware is to think before you click. This means not opening unsolicited attachments or clicking any links that seem suspicious. When browsing the Internet, try to stick to trusted sites, do not go into online chat rooms, and never share personal information like your phone number or credit card number with people you don’t know. If you do receive an email that seems like it’s phishing, don’t click on any links in the email; delete the email immediately. If you want to be extra safe, you can write the email address of the sender on your phone and then look it up on a search engine just in case. If there is no information about that person online, chances are, they’re not who they say they are and you should delete the email without clicking any links or opening any attachments.
Scareware is a type of malware that tricks you into thinking your computer has been infected with viruses or other malicious software. These types of malware are often disguised as system updates, antivirus programs, and more to get users to download them unknowingly. Once the user installs Scareware onto their device it pretends as something bad happened on the computer in order for the user to panic enough so they can make money off these unsuspecting victims by selling scare-quotes “protection” plans. If you want to protect yourself from this type of malware there’s not much else you need besides common sense: don’t install any unknown applications without first researching what they do, keep an eye out for pop ups that tell you your system needs immediate help or say your computer has viruses, and don’t pay money in order to fix anything that claims your system is in danger.